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MIMO and Antenna Technology for HSPA+ and LTE

Training Course Outline

Course Duration:
2 Days

Training Course Description:
For around a hundred years, single antennas have been used, dipoles, etc. for wireless communications In the last ten years, however, this has all changed and multiple antenna systems, different types of diversity, beamforming, array antennas and MIMO have all emerged onto the wireless scene. They offer better cell capacity, more user throughput, larger cells: too many good things to be true, it seems. However, actual deployments have shown the immense value of current MIMO technology and the potential for the next few years.

The High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) addition to UMTS uses MIMO for HSPA+ to massively improve on its original 7.2 Mbps downlink so this technology, a subset of antennas for LTE, is described.

This unique two day course starts with a refresher on antenna basics before looking at diversity in all its forms and then diversity, MIMO, beamforming and array antennas. This course does not discuss the detailed physical design of antennas but is focussed on how multiple antennas, etc, are used and integrated into LTE.

At the end of this course, delegates will:
  • Receive a refresher on antennas
  • Understand a range of diversity techniques
  • Appreciate Beamforming, MIMO and Array antennas
  • Be aware of the antenna options for LTE
  • Overview antenna use in Wi-Fi and Mobile WiMAX
The course assumes an understanding of cellular systems.

This course includes the following modules:

A Refresher on Basic Antenna Theory
  • Reciprocity
  • Isotropic and Dipole Antennas
  • Gain: dBi and dBd
  • Beam patterns
  • Front to back ratio
  • Reactive near-field
  • Radiating near-field (Fresnel region),
  • Far-field (Fraunhofer region)
  • Multipath and Inter Symbol Interference

Diversity Techniques

  • Diversity Gain
  • Receive Diversity
  • Selection Diversity
  • Switched Diversity
  • Linear Combining
  • Space Diversity
  • Time Diversity
  • Frequency Diversity

MIMO Antenna Systems

  • Space-Time Diversity Coding
  • Spatial Multiplexing

Beamforming Antennas

  • Principles of Beamforming
  • Phased Arrays
  • Butler Matrix
  • Rotman Lens

Array Antennas

  • Uniform
  • Binomial
  • Dolph-Tschebyscheff

Antennas for LTE and HSPA

  • UE Challenges
  • HSPA
  • LTE
  • Overview of multi-antenna related processing
  • Precoded Spatial Multiplexing
  • DL SU-MIMO and Transmit Diversity
  • DL Multiuser MIMO
  • Single-layer dedicated beamforming in LTE
  • UL Multiuser MIMO
  • Uplink Single-User MIMO
  • Downlink Dual-Layer Beamforming
  • Coordinated multi-point transmission/reception (CoMP)
  • Extended Downlink Single-User MIMO

Reuse Patterns for LTE

  • Building a LTE Single Frequency Network


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